Basic History: The Australian Stock Horse initially began when nine horses were imported with the First Fleet in 1788. Some of the breeds that came were Thoroughbreds, Arabian, Timor Pony, and Welsh Mountain Pony. These horses were bred to produce their stamina and strength; the weaker ones were culled. In the mid 20th century, American Quarter Horse blood was added. The toughness and endurance remained in the modern Australian Stock Horse. This breed was formally recognized as a breed in 1971. The classification for registration initially was conformation, breeding, and athletic ability. The finest stock horses received inclusion in the Stud Book. The use of American Quarter Horse blood has been controversial because it costs much more. That is an incentive though to only import good stock.
Habitat: These horses are known specifically for their endurance, so they could live in the deserts and valleys.
Quick Facts: The main difference between this breed and other Australian breeds(such as the Waler) is that this horse has more of a small, compact build. These horses are versatile and can show in both English and Western disciplines.